Preventive care is the branch of dentistry that focuses on preserving healthy teeth, gums and mouth through the practice of good hygiene. Brushing and flossing teeth are important to prevent the formation of plaque and calculus. It is achieved by regular dentist visits. At least twice a year is recommended to detect early signs of dental health issues.
ADA (American Dental Association) recommends brushing teeth twice a day, flossing, eating a balanced diet, and making regular visits to your dentist. Poor dental hygiene can result in Periodontal (or gum) disease. A common form of gum disease is Gingivitis, which comes from long-term plaque build-up in your mouth. Brushing and flossing improperly or infrequently can cause the build-up of plaque and tartar that will eventually inflame and infect the gums until deterioration of the tissue surrounding the teeth occurs.
Bruxism or grinding of the teeth is extremely common among many individuals.They tend to grind their teeth and clench their jaws subconsciously while sleeping. Some explanations to this could be an involuntary behaviour of stress, anxiety, sleep disorders, or abnormal teeth structure. If left untreated; it can lead to problems such as headaches, chipping and wearing of the teeth, and TMJ (temporo-mandibular joint) disorder in which movement of the jaw becomes difficult and painful. A dental mouth guard is simply a retainer-like device that is fitted to teeth and worn at night to prevent the resulting problems.
The goal of a dental sealant is to prevent cavities and tooth decay. The sealant is a thin plastic coating that is painted on the grooves of the larger, harder to reach teeth after they’ve been cleaned. While this service benefits patients of all ages, it is more commonly used on children and teenagers. The sealant works by blocking out food particles and bacteria, eliminating the chance for plaque and gingivitis to cover the tooth.
This branch of dentistry deals with the restoration of abnormal teeth to their normal state and function. Restorative dentistry not only benefits a patient’s physical appearance but also is important in maintaining healthy teeth. If problems such as gaps or other damages occur to the teeth or gums, they should be examined and treated in a timely manner in order to prevent further deterioration that could become detrimental.