Orthodontic treatment is needed to correct misaligned teeth and jaws. If the teeth are improperely positioned there are more chances of tooth decay and periodontal issues and If the jaws are not properly aligned it can cause temporomandibular joint disorders.
When to see an Orthodontist...
You need to consult an orthodontist if
Types of Orthodontic Treatment
Orthodontic appliances can be both fixed and removable.
A analysis of patient's teeth is made by using X-rays and making plaster models. The orthodontist then decides the need for either removable, or functional or fixed appliance.
In few cases, it may be necessary to remove a tooth to gain space or correct the position of other teeth.
If braces, or any other type of tooth-straightening appliance is used ; a retainer is needed as a final step on the path to a perfect smile. Retainers are often used at the end of orthodontic treatment. They hold newly fixed teeth in place while the adjacent gums and bone adjust to new position of teeth.